Information about bedbugs


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Bed Bugs...


What are they?

Adult bed bugs are about 3/8" long with flat, oval-shaped bodies and resemble a tick in many ways. Like ticks, they feed on the blood of warm bodied animals like humans or pets. Bed bugs are making a strong comeback because they hide well, if necessary bed bugs can wait months in between feedings, and to ensure a legacy, they lay eggs up to 200 at a time.


Are they dangerous?

Although there is no proof that bed bugs transmit diseases to humans, bed bug bites often causing redness and some swelling.  They do declare a certain type of psychological warfare though, because they are crawling and hiding in a bed, where most people feel safest.  Similar to mosquito bites or stings, corticosteroids or antihistamines may be given to help relieve discomfort.


How did I get bed bugs?

Bed bugs do not care how clean or dirty your house is, they don’t live off filth like roaches; the only way they make it into houses is by hitchhiking.  They can jump up to 6 feet and are introduced into a home or business on furniture, clothes, luggage, or people who were recently exposed to an infestation.


Where do they hide?

A study by the University of Kentucky breaks down some of the major hiding places bed bugs are found:  about 23% are found on the mattress, 35% in the box spring, 23% in couches and chairs, and the remaining 19% in nearby nightstands, dressers, carpet, window coverings, pictures, and clothes.


How do I get rid of bedbugs?

Because of the many places bed bugs hide, simply getting rid of an infected mattress will not totally get rid of them.  To completely eliminate the bed bug problem takes an effort from both a pest control professional and those who live in the house.  Every corner and crevice needs to be searched, and then a combination of chemicals and heat need to be choreographed.  SMITH PEST CONTROL recommends that the day we come over to spray you have all clothes removed from drawers, floor, and closet and placed into plastic bags and tied shut.  Remove all sheets, and blankets and bag those too.  Anything that can be dried, put in a dryer for at least a half hour, throwing away the used bags (incase any bed bugs are still present).  Don’t bring dried items back into the room until the pesticides have been applied and have had time to dry.  Bed bugs now are much more resistant to chemicals than in the past, so over the counter solutions may not be strong enough and professional grade products are usually required.


How can I prevent this in the future?

Because bed bugs are hitchhikers and the increase of  international plane travel and mass transit, they are a difficult pest problem to prevent.  We recommend thoroughly searching any luggage and clothes after traveling and inspecting any used bedding, dressers, furniture, or clothes being brought into a residence.


Bed bugs reproduce very quickly and are experts at adapting to changes.  Structures that already have a presence of bedbugs, a monthly pest management program may be required until the infestation is under control or eliminated.